November 20 commemorates the beginning of the Mexican Revolution, the date on which the uprising against the established regime in Mexico began. The movement, led by Francisco I. Madero, took up arms against President Porfirio Diaz, who had been in power for more than 30 years.
After a series of rigged elections, suppression and censorship, the straw that broke the camel's back was the false declaration of the 1910 general elections, which favored Madero.
Madero launched a revolt against President Diaz in 1910. The famous document containing his declaration against Diaz, entitled, "El Plan de San Luis Potosi", is also the origin of one of Mexico's strongest political ideas, "sufragio efectivo, no reelection", which translates as "effective suffrage, no reelections". It also became a public proclamation of support for the rebels.
The effort was joined by many more leaders, such as Francisco Villa and Venustiano Carranza, and gained the support of wealthy Mexicans, who were the most affected by Díaz's failed economic policies.
As a result of this conflict, Diaz resigned the following year, ending his three-decade reign over the nation. Although the revolution was a success, the country did not know peace until a decade later, when Carranza came to power in May 1917.
The Revolution caused the death of more than one million compatriots, but it gave prominence to prominent figures such as Francisco Villa, Emiliano Zapata, Pascual Orozco, Venustiano Carranza and others. However, during the so-called Tragic Decade, in 1913, led by Manuel Mondragón, Félix Díaz, nephew of the ex-dictator, and Bernardo Reyes, Francisco I. Madero, his brother Gustavo and Vice President Pino Suárez died, resulting in Victoriano Huerta usurping the presidency, and shortly after, falling in disgrace and going into exile.